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11. Terminology
      What is an IP address?

      An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.

      Public IP addresses (sometimes called Internet IPs) are what differentiate all devices that are plugged into the public internet. An IP address works similarly to a physical location’s street address. Just like a street address directs mail to the addressee, IP address directs data to the appropriate device.

12. Terminology
    • What is a VPN?

      A virtual private network (VPN) enables users and devices to securely send and receive data across shared or public networks. A VPN is like an extension of a private network across a public network (the internet). Learn more about VPN.
13. Terminology
      What is Home Location Register (HLR)?

      The Home Location Register (HLR) is a database that contains details of each SIM card subscriber that is authorized to use a particular GSM network. The HLR is maintained by the network operator. Each SIM has a unique identifier called an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) which is the primary key to each HLR record.

14. Terminology
    • What is IP Security (IPSec)?

      Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a secure network protocol suite that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data sent over an internet protocol network. It is used in Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).

      Internet Protocol security (IPsec) uses cryptographic security services to protect communications over Internet Protocol (IP) networks. IPsec supports network-level peer authentication, data-origin authentication, data integrity, data confidentiality (encryption), and replay protection.

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